Milk is a highly nutritious food, and it is a source of necessary macro- and micronutrients for the growth, development and maintenance
of human health. However, it may also be a source of natural food contaminants that may cause disease.
The presence of aflatoxin M1 (AFM1) in milk and dairy products throughout the world has been known since twenty to thirty ago.
Milk and dairy products contamination with aflatoxin M1 is important problem worldwide especially for developing countries for the
last ten to twenty years.
This is important issue, especially for children and infants, who are more susceptible than adults.
Strict regulations and adapting good storage practices in developed countries have minimized the contamination of AFM1 in milk and
The current advancements in analytical techniques have helped the law enforcement agencies to implement strict regulations.
Furthermore, the improvement in analytical facility and increasing the awareness related to the health effects of AFM1 in milk and
dairy products could minimize its occurrence level in developing countries.